Tuesday, 13 November 2018

Tafsan 

 

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TOPIC: THE SIGNIFICANCE OF THE FIRST TEN DAYS OF DHUL HIJJAH (PART 1)

Audhu billah minash shaytanir rajeem Bismillahir Rahmanir Raheem. Alhamdu lil laahi Rabbil aalameen. Was salatu was salamu ala rasuluhee al kareem.

One of the good things Allah (SWT) has done for his servants is that of giving us special periods for the observation of various forms of worship. During such periods, rewards are in manifolds, various forms of worship are more easily accepted and shortcomings or sins are readily forgiven and overlooked. It can only be wise for a servant to benefit maximally from these periods.

It is important to note that the lifespan of this present generation of humans is shorter than that of the past generations, and thus it is the design of Allah to make this generation, amongst which we have the followers of Muhammad (SAW), the best in all ramifications. The prophet Muhammad (SAW) was reported to have said that the lifespan of my followers is between sixty and seventy years, and in order to fulfill His promise of making the followers of Muhammad (SAW) have more rewards than the followers of the Prophets before him, Allah favoured us with periods in which we can perform acts of ibadah with rewards equal or better than those before us. An example of such is that of Laylatul Qadr in which worship therein is better than that in one thousand months i.e. 83 years and 3 months. This was the view of Imam ar-Raazee. Another of such periods is the first ten days of the month of Dhul Hijjah which is the focus of our sermon.

The significance of these first ten days can be seen in the following ten points:

  1. Allah swore by them in the Qur’an. Allah is the creator of all things that are in existence but He has so decided to swear by some of His creatures. The wisdom behind this is to show the importance of such creatures or things. Some of those things by which Allah swore are: The Pen, What the pen recorded (Q68:1); The Fig, the Olive tree, the Mount Sinai and the City of Security (Q 95:1-3); The Sun and his glorious splendor, the Moon as she follows him, the Day as it shows up the sun’s glory, the Night as it conceals it, the Firmament and its wonderful structure, the Earth and its wide expanse, the Soul and the proportion and order given to it (Q91:17). The Qur’an also shows that Allah swore by the first ten days of Dhul Hijjah as we can see in Chapter 89:1-4. Allah says: “ By the break of Day, By the Nights twice five; By the even and odd(contrasted); By the Night when it passes away” the relevant portion here is ‘the Nights twice five’ mentioned in the second verse of this chapter. The essence of swearing with these days is to draw our attention to their significance, and Ibn rajab (rahimahul laahu) said in his book Lataaif al maa’rif, that the ten days mentioned in this portion of the Qur’an being referred to here are the first ten days of Dhul Hijjah. He added that this is a sound explanation agreed upon by majority of experts in Qur’an Exegesis and other scholars including Ibn ‘Abbas.

  2. They are part of the Forty Days Allah appointed for Prophet Musa for fasting. The Qur’an in Chapter 7:142 says: and We appointed for Moses thirty nights, and completed (the period) with ten (more): thus was completed the term (of communion) with his Lord, forty nights. Ibn Katheer (rahimahul laahu) said that Mufassirun, experts in Qur’an Exegesis are divided on the particular ten nights being referred to in this verse but majority are of the opinion that the thirty days are the days of Dhul Qa’dah while the added ten days are the first ten days of Dhul Hijjah. Some scholars that are also of this same opinion include: Mujahid, masruq and Ibn Jareeh. Ibn ‘Abbas and Abu Zubayr who narrated on the authority of Jaabir also reported same. In fact Mujahid was reported to have said that one cannot be engaged in good deeds in a period better than the first ten days of Dhul Hijjah and the days are the days Allah completed (the period) for Prophet Musa (ASW).

  3. They are the days Allah appointed for celebration of His name over the cattles which has been provided for them. Allah (SWT) in Q21:27-28 says: And proclaim the pilgrimage among men: they will come to thee on foot and (mounted) on every camel, lean on account of journeys through deep and distant mountain highways; that they may witness the benefits (provided) for them, and celebrate the name of Allah, through the Days appointed, over the cattle which He has provided for them (for sacrifice): then eat ye thereof and feed the distressed ones in want. Ibn Abbas is of the opinion that the appointed days referred to here are the first ten days of Dhul Hijjah.

  4. On one of these ten days, Allah completed the religion of Islam for His prophet (SAW). This is the Day of ‘Arafat in which Allah revealed the third verse of Chapter 5 which says: This Day have I perfected your religion for you, completed My favour upon you, and have chosen for you Islam as a religion. It was reported that the Prophet (SAW) was standing on his feet at ‘Arafat on a Friday while this revelation came to him. The day is seen by the Jews as very significant in that they said that if they have such a day in their religion, they will take it as a festival day.

  5. One of these ten days is the completion of the fifth pillar of Islam, i.e. hajj. The importance of hajj in Islam cannot be overemphasized in that it is a pillar of Islam that anyone who does it without committing any obscenity, wickedness or wrangling will return home free from sins just like the day he was born.

These are five of the ten points; in shaa Allah we will complete the topic next week by looking at the remaining five points.

May Allah accept our ibadah and make hajj exercise easy for those performing it this year and also provide for those in their respective bases the needed provision to do the ileya festival

Attached documents