Sunday, 17 December 2017

Tafsan 

 

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TOPIC: The Prophet's Mosque in Madinah

 

We seek refuge in Allah from the accursed shaytan and start in the name of Allah, the Most Gracious, the Most Merciful. Alhamdu lillah. We thank Him for making it possible for us to see another Friday.

 

We bear witness that there is no God but Allah, alone without any partners, and we bear witness that Muhammad (SAW) is His servant and His Messenger.

 

In our last two sermons, we have been able to establish that the mosque is a place of worship for Mulims and that the first mosque on the surface of the earth is the Ka’bah as recorded in the Qur’an, Chapter 3:96. This week in shaa Allah, we will continue on our sermon series as we look at the Prophet's Mosque in Madinah.

 

Al-Masjid an-Nabawī as it is referred to is a mosque established and originally built by the prophet Muhammad, situated in the city of Medina in Saudi Arabia. Al-Masjid an-Nabawi was the third mosque built in the history of Islam and is now one of the largest mosques in the world. It is the second-holiest site in Islam, after Masjid al-Haram in Makkah. It is always open, regardless of date or time.

 

The site was originally adjacent to Muhammad's house; he settled there after his Hijra (emigration) to Medina in 622 CE. He shared in the heavy work of construction. The original mosque was an open-air building. The mosque served as a community center, a court, and a religious school. There was a raised platform for the people who taught the Quran. Subsequent Islamic rulers greatly expanded and decorated it. In 1909, it became the first place in the Arabian Peninsula to be provided with electrical lights.

 

The mosque is under the control of the Custodian of the Two Holy Mosques. The mosque is located in what was traditionally the center of Medina, with many hotels and old markets nearby. It is a major pilgrimage site. Many pilgrims who perform the Hajj go on to Medina to visit the mosque due to its connections to the life of Muhammad.

 

After an expansion during the reign of the Umayyad caliph al-Walid I, it now incorporates the final resting place of Muhammad and the first two Rashidun caliphs Abu Bakr and Umar.[10] One of the most notable features of the site is the Green Dome in the south-east corner of the mosque, originally Aisha's house,[10] where the tomb of Muhammad is located.

 

The mosque was built by Prophet Muhammad in 622 after his arrival in the city of Medina. Riding on a camel called Qaswa he arrived at the place where this mosque was built. The land was owned by Sahal and Suhayl, partly as a place for drying dates, and at one end had been previously used as a burial ground. Refusing to "accept the land as a gift", he bought the land and it took seven months to complete the construction of the mosque. It measured 30.5 metres (100 ft) × 35.62 metres (116.9 ft). The roof which was supported by palm trunks was made of beaten clay and palm leaves. It was at a height of 3.60 metres (11.8 ft). The three doors of the mosque were Bab-al-Rahmah to the south, Bab-al-Jibril to the west and Babal-Nisa to the east.

 

Some of the virtues of the prophet’s mosque include:

 

1.         One prayer observed in it is better than one thousand prayers in any mosque except al Masji al haram.

2.         The rawdah in it which is between the Prophet’s minbar and house. It is described by the prophet as a garden from the gardens of paradise.

3.         The prophet’s minbar (pulpit) which is built upon a river from the rivers of paradise.

4.         Other virtues the city of madinah is blessed with because of the mosque and the prophet’s migration to it include:

a)         The city of madinah became superior to other lands

b)         the Anti-Christ, dajjal will not be able to enter the city

c)         he who plots against the people of Medina will be dissolved (destroyed) like the salt is dissolved in water."

 

There are some important lessons about the prophet’s mosque that are relevant to the purpose and intent of this khutbat sermon in the above lines but in case you missed them, please find them below:

 

1)         the prophet’s insistence on paying for the land on which the mosque was built shows that we should participate financially in the building of the mosque of Allah

2)         the fact that the first thing the Muslims did on the arrival of the Prophet and other migrants at Madinah is the building of the mosque also goes a long way to show the importance of building mosques

3)         the prophet’s physical participation in the building and construction of the mosque shows, although partially, that the mosque is important and that all of us should partake in this laudable goal irrespective of our statuses in the world.

 

Therefore, fellow Muslims NASFAT is building a mosque on Aseese along the Lagos-Ibadan Expressway. It is not for NASFAT. It is a Muslim project and we must all partake in this project.

 

May Allah (SWT) make it easy for us.