Sunday, 17 December 2017

Tafsan 

 

ads

TOPIC: THE MOSQUE AS A PLACE OF WORSHIP

 

We seek refuge in Allah from the accursed shaytan and start in the name of Allah, the Most Gracious, the Most Merciful. Alhamdu lillah. We thank him for making it possible for us to see another Friday.

 

We bear witness that there is no God but Allah, alone without any partners, and we bear witness that Muhammad (SAW) is His servant and His Messenger.

 

This week in shaa Allah, we are starting a series of jumuat sermon on the importance of partaking in the building of a mosque. The Quran portion below is relevant as a reference point:

 

Those who have been driven from their homes unjustly only because they said: Our Lord is Allah - For had it not been for Allah´s repelling some men by means of others, cloisters and churches and oratories and mosques, wherein the name of Allah is oft mentioned, would assuredly have been pulled down. Verily Allah helpeth one who helpeth Him. Lo! Allah is Strong, Almighty

 

Worship is an act of religious devotion usually directed towards a deity. An act of worship may be performed individually, in an informal or formal group, or by a designated leader.

 

A place of worship is a specially designed structure or consecrated space where individuals or a group of people such as a congregation come to perform acts of devotion, veneration, or religious study. A building constructed or used for this purpose is sometimes called a house of worship.  Different religions have their places of worship and different names are given to them. The Buddhists have their temples, Christians have their churches, cathedrals, chapels or Basilicas and the Jews have their synagogues. While the Jehovah witnesses call their places of worship Kingdom Halls adherents of the various traditional religions especially in Africa refer to their places of worship as shrines.

 

Under International Humanitarian Law and the Geneva Conventions, religious buildings are offered special protection, similar to the protection guaranteed hospitals displaying the Red Cross or Red Crescent. These international laws of war bar firing upon or from a religious building.

 

In Islam, worship refers to ritualistic devotion as well as actions done in accordance to Islamic law which is ordained by and pleasing to Allah (God). Worship is included in the Five Pillars of Islam, primarily that of salat, which is the practice of ritual prayer five times daily.

 

According to Muhammad Asad, on his notes in The Message of the Qur'an translation on 51:56,

Thus, the innermost purpose of the creation of all rational beings is their cognition of the existence of Allah and, hence, their conscious willingness to conform their own existence to whatever they may perceive of His will and plan: and it is this twofold concept of cognition and willingness that gives the deepest meaning to what the Quran describes as "worship". As the next verse shows, this spiritual call does not arise from any supposed "need" on the part of the Creator, who is self-sufficient and infinite in His power, but is designed as an instrument for the inner development of the worshipper, who, by the act of his conscious self-surrender to the all-pervading Creative Will, may hope to come closer to an understanding of that Will and, thus closer to Allah Himself.

 

Mosque, Arabic masjid or jāmiʿ, is any house or open area of prayer in Islam. The Arabic word masjid means “a place of prostration” to God, and the same word is used in Persian, Urdu, and Turkish. Two main types of mosques can be distinguished: the masjid jāmiʿ, or “collective mosque,” a large state-controlled mosque that is the centre of community worship and the site of Friday prayer services; and smaller mosques operated privately by various groups within society.

 

There are several rules involved with entering or worshipping inside a mosque. When entering the prayer hall, whether to worship or visit, a person must be clean and remove their shoes. The no-shoes rule may be extended to other parts of the mosque even if they are sections that are not included in the worship services. It is also frowned upon to enter the prayer hall after eating something that smells strongly like garlic.

 

Mosques come in many different shapes and sizes depending on the region in which they are located. Muslims of the past and present have used local architects and artisans to create magnificent, unique mosques. There is one detail that all mosques have in common, and that is the mihrab, which is a niche in a wall that points in the direction of Makkah, Saudi Arabia. This is the direction that Muslims face when praying to God, or Allah.

 

Talking about the number of mosques on the surface of the earth, as of 2010, statistics show that approximately 1.5 billion people practice the Muslim faith, and this makes it virtually impossible to calculate the number of mosques. Mosques are being built in Canada, France and other places. Therefore, it is hard to determine just how many mosques are currently being used. Research shows that 22 percent of the population practices the Muslim faith. Islam has grown about 3 percent annually, faster than the world's population as a whole.

 

Most mosques in the Western world are located in London. Estimates to the number vary. The first London mosque was located in Notting Hill Gate, at 111 Campden Hill Road. Londoners state it was established in 1886 and was active during Edwardian times until 1930.

 

Say: My Lord enjoineth justice. And set your faces upright (toward Him) at every place of worship and call upon Him, making religion pure for Him (only). As He brought you into being, so return ye (unto Him).