TOPIC: SUPPLICATION (DUA’U)
Audhu billah minash shaytanir rajeem Bismillahir Rahmanir Raheem. Alhamdu lil laahi Rabbil aalameen. Was salatu was salamu ala nabiyyillah Muhammad al Mab’uthi rahmatan lil aalameen
One concept that Muslims must continue to appreciate and utilize is that of Dua which in English language can be translated into supplication. Dua denotes both servitude and humility on the part of the person on the one hand, and praise unto Allah and recognition of Allah’s generosity and bountifulness on the other hand.
In understanding the word, du’au, one may want to look at the qur’an. The word, dua’u appears in the Qur’an under various forms of significance. Some are:
1. Worshipping (Yuunus:106) And do not call, apart from Allah, on what neither benefits you nor harms you. If you do, you are then one of the wrongdoers.
2. Asking for help or support (Al Baqarat:23)And if you are in doubt about what We have revealed to Our servant, then produce a chapter like these, and call your witnesses apart from Allah, if you are truthful.
3. Prayer (Yuunus:10) As for those who believe and do good deeds, their Lord guides them in their faith. Rivers will flow beneath them in the Gardens of Bliss.
4. Request (Mu’min:60) Your Lord has said, “Pray to Me, and I will respond to you. But those who are too proud to worship Me will enter Hell forcibly.”
5. Calling (Al Israa:52) On the Day when He calls you, you will respond with His praise, and you will realize that you stayed only a little.
Of utmost importance to all of us is the need to be reminded about those whose supplications are to be responded to:
1. The oppressed/wronged even if he is a disbeliever
2. A father against his child
3. A fair leader
4. A righteous person
5. A child dutiful towards his parents
6. The fasting person until he breaks his fasting
7. The traveler
8. The repentant
Furthermore, some people complain that their supplications are not answered whereas they do not meet the conditions of acceptance of their prayers. Some conditions for acceptable supplications may inlcude:
1. Sincerity unto Allah
2. Compliance with the commands of Allah
3. Avoidance of the forbidden
It is equally important to appreciate the ethics of supplication with a view to follow them and make the acceptance of the supplication an easy one. Some of the ethics of supplication are:
1. Taking advantage of blessed times e.g Arafat day, Fridays, last part of the night (Adh Dhaariyaat:18)
2. Taking advantage of virtuous states such as: Prostration in worshipping, rainfall, interval between adhan and iqamah
3. Facing the qiblah
4. Humbleness, submissiveness,, fear and longing. (Al Anbiyaa:90)
5. One should be sure of his request, have confidence in the response
6. Starting one’s dua with the mentioning of the name of Allah
7. Repentance, redemption of the wrongs done and dedication unto Allah
Some other relevant Qur’an verses on the subject of discussion are:
And when My servants ask you about Me, I am near; I answer the call of the caller when he calls on Me. So let them answer Me, and have faith in Me, that they may be rightly guided (Al Baqarah:186), Call upon your Lord humbly and privately. He does not love the aggressors. (Al A’raf:55), So We answered him, and gave him John. And We cured his wife for him. They used to vie in doing righteous deeds, and used to call on Us in love and awe, and they used to humble themselves to Us.(Al Anbiyaa:90)
May Allah continue to accept our supplications.